Important Health Tips about your Cavalier Puppy -
Vaccinations : Consult your vet if the vaccination program has
not been completed to ensure the correct dosage.
Teeth : Puppies start getting their 42 permanent teeth between 16 and 30 weeks.
Check regularly to ensure each baby tooth is replaced with an adult one. Do not feed cooked meat bones and never chicken or
pork but use raw beef marrow bones.
Ears : Check the inside of the dogs ears regularly and if the dog frequently shakes it's head and
scratches it's ears then investigate for an infection, wax buildup or earmites. In summer it could be a grass seed which can be dangerous
if ignored. Cavaliers may occasionally need the hair inside their ears trimmed. We use an ear wash about once a week.
Clean any stained fur in the eye area with cotton balls and warm water. At the first sign of any eye infection contact a Vet.
Weeping eyes in the Cavalier is normal and generally outgrown.
Snorting : This is a Cavalier characteristic especially when excited
and not a cause for great alarm. It is a sudden breath intake accompanied by a snorting noise. It can usually be stopped by placing
the hand over the nostrils momentarily to restrict the intake of air. Sometimes it is accompanied by a flipped palate and here you
can hold the dog in your arms and a quick flick of its head should flip the palate back.
Some of the breed problems are:
- get the heart checked at annual vaccination. The Cavalier Club is actively involved in heart research publishing a list of dogs
and bitches aged five years and older that are free of Mitral Valve Disease. This assists breeders wishing to improve the health of
the breed. Forms are completed by your Vet or Cardiologist, held on a central database and statistics made available to those engaged
in researching the problem of heart murmurs in Cavaliers.
Eye Defects - Can only be diagnosed by a veterinary ophthalmologist who will
certify dogs that have been examined under the KC/BVA Eye Scheme. Cavaliers can suffer from Hereditary Cataract or more likely Multifocal
Luxating Patella - This occurs in the back leg and the knee cap slips causing the dog discomfort. The condition
is usually surgically correctable.
Hip Dysplasia - Being a small breed this is not a common problem and then not usually till old age.
No indication of this disease is evident in young dogs and can only be diagnosed by x-rays of the hip joints normally after the age
It is important to understand than even if the sire and dam have been screened and found clear of any health problems, no breeder
can guarantee that your puppy will never develop a problem during its life time. Screening lessens the chance and questioning breeders
on health issues should not anger them. Not all breeders believe in all testing, or of having tests certified, they should not object
to providing copies of any testing that has been done and will be pleased that you care about the health of your puppy.
Here is your shopping list while you wait for your new family member to come home.
HIGHLY recommend crate training your puppy, thus you will need a crate. 24" is sufficient for one puppy, and will suit them
through their entire life.
Dishes. We recommend the ceramic pet dishes. Stainless Steel are good too, but will
tip over when not full. The ceramic dishes are more stable, so less mess!
Food. We feel that diet is VERY important
to the health and long life of your dog. Please discuss the choice of food with us and we can give you information on how to
make the choice. All natural, foods are best for your new Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppy!
Treats. Plain cheerios
serve wonderfully as a housebreaking treat! Put some in your pocket and when your puppy does his/her business outside, reward
them with a cheerio! They low in fat and dogs love them. We use them in the show ring too.
Wire comb for their ears. Bristle
Brush (not wire) for the rest of the grooming! A de-shedding brush is great for removeing all the loose hair!
We recommend a tear free baby shampoo for the first few months. There are many great shampoos out there, don't overpay, they all do
pretty much the same thing. If your Cavalier has a dry skin, avoid shampooing too often and use a moisturizing spray.
TOYS, TOYS, AND
MORE TOYS! I recommend that you buy toys in every texture you can find! This way you are meeting ALL the chewing needs
that a puppy has!
Stuffed toys - my dogs love stuffed animals, especially with squeekers. You can now get "stuffing free" dog
toys, which are great because puppies love to pull out that white stuff! You can find them at your local pet store or at www.dog.com
and Nylabone both make some wonderful rubber chew toys. It's important that you buy good quality chew toys in case your
dog does injest some of it. You certainly don't want to buy just baby or kids toys for your dog.
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Hidden Creek Cavaliers